Industrial and domestic Autoclaves

Weigao Biotech AutoclavesAutoclaves are a device to sterilize equipment and supplies by subjecting them to high pressure saturated steam at 121 °C or more, typically for 15 to 20 minutes depending on the size of the load and the contents.

Autoclaves are widely used in microbiology, medicine, tattooing, body piercing, veterinary science, mycology, dentistry, chiropody and prosthetic fabrication.

Autoclaves are found in many medical settings and other places that need to ensure sterility of an object. Many procedures today use single-use items rather than sterilized, reusable items.

This first happened with hypodermic needles, but today many surgical instruments (such as forceps, needle holders, and scalpel handles) are commonly single-use items rather than reusable.

Air removal in Autoclaves

It is very important to ensure that all of the trapped air is removed, as hot air is very poor at achieving sterility. Steam at 134 °C can achieve in 3 minutes the same sterility that hot air at 160 °C takes two hours to achieve.[6] Methods of achieving air removal include:

Downward displacement (or gravity type) – As steam enters the chamber, it fills the upper areas as it is less dense than air. This compresses the air to the bottom, forcing it out through a drain. Often a temperature sensing device is placed in the drain. Only when air evacuation is complete should the discharge stop. Flow is usually controlled through the use of a steam trap or a solenoid valve, but bleed holes are sometimes used, often in conjunction with a solenoid valve. As the steam and air mix it is also possible to force out the mixture from locations in the chamber other than the bottom.

Steam pulsing – Air dilution by using a series of steam pulses, in which the autoclaves chamber is alternately pressurized and then depressurized to near atmospheric pressure.

Vacuum pumps – Vacuum pumps to suck air or air/steam mixtures from the chamber.

Superatmospheric – This type of cycle uses a vacuum pump. It starts with a vacuum followed by a steam pulse and then a vacuum followed by a steam pulse. The number of pulses depends on the particular autoclave and cycle chosen.

Subatmospheric – Similar to superatmospheric cycles, but chamber pressure never exceeds atmospheric until they pressurize up to the sterilizing temperature.

Because autoclaves uses saturated steam under high pressure to achieve sterilizing temperatures, proper use is important to ensure operator safety.

Prevent injuries when using the autoclaves by observing the following rules:

  • Wear heat resistant gloves, eye protection, closed toed shoes and a lab coat, especially when unloading the autoclave.
     
  • Prevent steam burns and shattered glassware by making sure that the pressure in the autoclave chamber is near zero before opening the door at the end of a cycle. Slowly crack open the autoclave door and allow the steam to escape gradually.
     
  • Allow items to cool for 10 minutes before removing them from the autoclave.
     
  • Never put sealed containers in an autoclave. They can explode. Large bottles with narrow necks may also explode if filled too full of liquid.
     
  • Never put solvents, volatile or corrosive chemicals (such as phenol, chloroform, bleach, etc.), or radioactive materials in an autoclave.

Inspect your autoclave components regularly. If you find a problem, notify your area mechanic. Do not operate an autoclave until it has been properly repaired.

To Get More Information on Purchasing Your Autoclave Contact Us

You can order your autoclave from all over Australia and especially in these suburbs in NSW.

A
Abbotsbury (2176), Abbotsford (2046), Acacia Gardens (2763), Agnes Banks (2753), Airds (2560), Akuna Bay (2084), Alexandria (2015), Alfords Point (2234), Allambie (2100), Allambie Heights (2100), Allawah (2218), Ambarvale (2560), Annandale (2038), Annangrove (2156), Arcadia (2159), Arncliffe (2205), Arndell Park (2148), Artarmon (2064), Ashbury (2193), Ashcroft (2168), Ashfield (2131), Asquith (2077), Auburn (2144), Auburn South (2144), Audley (2232), Austral (2171), Avalon (2107), Avalon Beach (2107)
B
Badgerys Creek (2555), Balgowlah (2093), Balgowlah Heights (2093), Balmain (2041), Balmain East (2041), Balmoral (2088), Bangor (2234), Banksia (2216), Banksmeadow (2019), Bankstown (2200), Bankstown Airport (2200), Bankstown North (2200), Bankstown Square (2200), Barden Ridge (2234), Bardwell Park (2207), Bardwell Valley (2207), Bass Hill (2197), Baulkham Hills (2153), Bayview (2104), Beacon Hill (2100), Beaconsfield (2015), Beaumont Hills (2155), Beauty Point (2088), Beecroft (2119), Belfield (2191), Bella Vista (2153), Bellevue Hill (2023), Belmore (2192), Belrose (2085), Belrose West (2085), Ben Buckler (2026), Berala (2141), Berkshire Park (2765), Berowra (2081), Berowra Heights (2082), Berowra Waters (2082), Berrilee (2159), Beverley Park (2217), Beverly Hills (2209), Bexley (2207), Bexley North (2207), Bexley South (2207), Bickley Vale (2570), Bidwill (2770), Bilgola (2107), Bilgola Beach (2107), Bilgola Plateau (2107), Birchgrove (2041), Birrong (2143), Blackett (2770), Blacktown (2148), Blair Athol (2560), Blairmount (2559), Blakehurst (2221), Blaxcell (2142), Blenheim Road (2113), Bobbin Head (2074), Bondi (2026), Bondi Beach (2026), Bondi Junction (2022), Bonnet Bay (2226), Bonnyrigg (2177), Bonnyrigg Heights (2177), Bossley Park (2176), Botany (2019), Bow Bowing (2566), Box Hill (2765), Bradbury (2560), Breakfast Point (2137), Bringelly (2556), Broadway (2007), Bronte (2024), Brooklyn (2083), Brookvale (2100), Bundeena (2230), Burraneer (2230), Burwood (2134), Burwood Heights (2136), Burwood North (2134), Busby (2168)
C
Cabarita (2137), Cabramatta (2166), Cabramatta West (2166), Cambridge Gardens (2747), Cambridge Park (2747), Camden (2570), Camden South (2570), Camellia (2142), Cammeray (2062), Campbelltown (2560), Campbelltown North (2560), Camperdown (2050), Campsie (2194), Canada Bay (2046), Canley Heights (2166), Canley Vale (2166), Canoelands (2157), Canterbury (2193), Caravan Head (2225), Careel Bay (2107), Caringbah (2229), Carlingford (2118), Carlingford Court (2118), Carlton (2218), Carramar (2163), Carss Park (2221), Cartwright (2168), Castle Cove (2069), Castle Hill (2154), Castlecrag (2068), Castlereagh (2749), Casula (2170), Catherine Field (2557), Cattai (2756), Cawdor (2570), Cecil Hills (2171), Cecil Park (2178), Centennial Park (2021), Charing Cross (2024), Chatswood (2057), Chatswood (2067), Chatswood West (2067), Chatsworth (2469), Chatsworth (2759), Cheltenham (2119), Cherrybrook (2126), Chester Hill (2162), Chifley (2036), Chippendale (2008), Chipping Norton (2170), Chiswick (2046), Chullora (2190), Church Point (2105), Claremont Meadows (2747), Clareville (2107), Claymore (2559), Clemton Park (2206), Clifton Gardens (2088), Clontarf (2093), Clovelly (2031), Clovelly West (2031), Coasters Retreat (2108), Cobbitty (2570), Colebee (2761), Collaroy (2097), Collaroy Beach (2097), Collaroy Plateau (2097), Colyton (2760), Como (2226), Concord (2137), Concord Repatriation Hospital (2139), Concord West (2138), Condell Park (2200), Connells Point (2221), Coogee (2034), Cottage Point (2084), Cowan (2081), Cranebrook (2749), Cremorne (2090), Cremorne Junction (2090), Cremorne Point (2090), Crestwood (2153), Cromer (2099), Cromer Heights (2099), Cronulla (2230), Cross Roads (2850), Crows Nest (2065), Croydon (2132), Croydon Park (2133), Curl Curl (2096), Currans Hill (2567), Currawong Beach (2108)
D
Daceyville (2032), Dangar Island (2083), Darling Harbour (2000), Darling Point (2027), Darlinghurst (2010), Darlington (2008), Darlington (2330), Davidson (2085), Dawes Point (2000), Dean Park (2761), Dee Why (2099), Dee Why Beach (2099), Denham Court (2565), Denistone (2114), Denistone East (2112), Denistone West (2114), Dharruk (2770), Diamond Bay (2030), Dolans Bay (2229), Dolls Point (2219), Doonside (2767), Double Bay (2028), Dover Heights (2030), Drummoyne (2047), Duffys Forest (2084), Dulwich Hill (2203), Dundas (2117), Dundas Valley (2117), Dural (2158), Dural (2330)
E
Eagle Vale (2558), Earlwood (2206), East Hills (2213), East Lindfield (2070), East Ryde (2113), Eastern Creek (2766), Eastgardens (2036), Eastlakes (2018), Eastwood (2122), Edensor Park (2176), Edgecliff (2027), Edmondson Park (2174), Elanora Heights (2101), Elderslie (2570), Elizabeth Bay (2011), Ellis Lane (2570), Elvina Bay (2105), Emerton (2770), Emu Heights (2750), Emu Plains (2750), Enfield (2136), Enfield South (2133), Engadine (2233), Englorie Park (2560), Enmore (2042), Enmore (2350), Enmore (2358), Epping (2121), Ermington (2115), Erskine Park (2759), Erskineville (2043), Eschol Park (2558), Eveleigh (2015)
F
Fairfield (2165), Fairfield East (2165), Fairfield Heights (2165), Fairfield West (2165), Fairlight (2094), Fiddletown (2159), Figtree (2525), Fishermans Bay (2316), Five Dock (2046), Forest Glen (2157), Forest Lodge (2037), Forestville (2087), Frenchs Forest (2086), Frenchs Forest East (2086)
G
Galston (2159), Garie (2232), Georges Hall (2198), Gilead (2560), Girraween (2145), Gladesville (2111), Glebe (2037), Glen Alpine (2560), Glendenning (2761), Glenfield (2167), Glenhaven (2156), Glenmore Park (2745), Glenorie (2157), Glenquarie (2564), Glenwood (2768), Golden Grove (2008), Gordon (2072), Gore Hill (2065), Granville (2142), Grasmere (2570), Grays Point (2232), Great Mackerel Beach (2108), Green Valley (2168), Greenacre (2190), Greendale (2546), Greendale (2745), Greenfield Park (2176), Greenwich (2065), Greystanes (2145), Guildford (2161), Guildford West (2161), Gymea (2227), Gymea Bay (2227)
H
Haberfield (2045), Hammondville (2170), Harbord (2096), Harrington Park (2567), Harris Park (2150), Hassall Grove (2761), Haymarket (2000), Heathcote (2233), Hebersham (2770), Heckenberg (2168), Henley (2111), Hillsdale (2036), Hillside (2157), Hinchinbrook (2168), Hmas Kuttabul (2011), Hmas Penguin (2091), Hmas Platypus (2060), Hmas Rushcutters (2027), Hmas Waterhen (2060), Hmas Watson (2030), Holroyd (2142), Holsworthy (2173), Homebush (2140), Homebush Bay (2127), Homebush South (2140), Homebush West (2140), Horningsea Park (2171), Hornsby (2077), Hornsby Heights (2077), Horsley Park (2175), Hoxton Park (2171), Hunters Hill (2110), Huntingwood (2148), Huntleys Cove (2111), Huntleys Point (2111), Hurlstone Park (2193), Hurstville (2220), Hurstville Grove (2220), Hurstville Westfield (2220)
I
Illawong (2234), Ingleburn (2565), Ingleside (2101)
J
Jamisontown (2750), Jannali (2226)
K
Kangaroo Point (2224), Kareela (2232), Kearns (2558), Kellyville (2155), Kellyville Ridge (2155), Kemps Creek (2178), Kensington (2033), Kenthurst (2156), Kentlyn (2560), Killara (2071), Killarney Heights (2087), Kings Cross (2011), Kings Langley (2147), Kings Park (2148), Kingsdene (2118), Kingsford (2032), Kingsgrove (2208), Kingsway West (2208), Kingswood (2340), Kingswood (2550), Kingswood (2747), Kirkham (2570), Kirrawee (2232), Kirribilli (2061), Kogarah (2217), Kogarah Bay (2217), Kurnell (2231), Kyeemagh (2216), Kyle Bay (2221)
L
La Perouse (2036), Lakemba (2195), Lalor Park (2147), Lane Cove (2066), Lansdowne (2163), Lansdowne (2430), Lansvale (2166), Laughtondale (2775), Lavender Bay (2060), Lefevres Corner (2570), Leichhardt (2040), Leonay (2750), Leppington (2179), Lethbridge Park (2770), Leumeah (2560), Lewisham (2049), Liberty Grove (2138), Lidcombe (2141), Lidcombe North (2141), Lilli Pilli (2229), Lilli Pilli (2536), Lilyfield (2040), Lindfield (2070), Linley Point (2066), Little Bay (2036), Liverpool (2170), Liverpool South (2170), Liverpool Westfield (2170), Llandilo (2747), Loftus (2232), Londonderry (2753), Long Point (2330), Long Point (2564), Long Point (2800), Long Reef (2097), Longueville (2066), Lovett Bay (2105), Lower Hawkesbury (2775), Lower Portland (2756), Lucas Heights (2234), Luddenham (2745), Lugarno (2210), Lurnea (2170)
M
Macarthur Square (2560), Macquarie Centre (2113), Macquarie Fields (2564), Macquarie Links (2565), Macquarie Park (2113), Macquarie University (2109), Maianbar (2230), Malabar (2036), Manahan (2200), Manly (2095), Manly East (2095), Manly Vale (2093), Maraylya (2765), Marayong (2148), Maroota (2756), Maroubra (2035), Maroubra South (2035), Marrickville (2204), Marrickville South (2204), Marsden Park (2765), Marsfield (2122), Mascot (2020), Matraville (2036), Mays Hill (2145), Mcmahons Point (2060), Meadowbank (2114), Melrose Park (2114), Melville (2320), Menai (2234), Menai Central (2234), Menangle Park (2563), Merrylands (2160), Merrylands West (2160), Middle Cove (2068), Middle Dural (2158), Miller (2168), Millers Point (2000), Milperra (2214), Milsons Passage (2083), Milsons Point (2061), Minchinbury (2770), Minto (2566), Minto Heights (2566), Miranda (2228), Mona Vale (2103), Monash Park (2111), Monterey (2217), Moore Park (2021), Moorebank (2170), Morning Bay (2108), Mortdale (2223), Mortlake (2137), Mosman (2088), Mount Annan (2567), Mount Colah (2079), Mount Druitt (2770), Mount Hunter (2570), Mount Lewis (2190), Mount Lewis (2200), Mount Pleasant (2519), Mount Pritchard (2170), Mount Vernon (2178), Mulgoa (2745)
N
Narellan (2567), Narellan Vale (2567), Naremburn (2065), Narrabeen (2101), Narrabeen Peninsula (2101), Narraweena (2099), Narwee (2209), Nelson (2550), Nelson (2765), Neutral Bay (2089), Neutral Bay Junction (2089), Newington (2127), Newport (2106), Newport Beach (2106), Newtown (2042), Normanhurst (2076), North Balgowlah (2093), North Epping (2121), North Manly (2100), North Narrabeen (2101), North Rocks (2151), North Ryde (2113), North Strathfield (2137), North Sydney (2055), North Sydney (2059), North Sydney (2060), North Sydney Shoppingworld (2060), North Turramurra (2074), Northbridge (2063), Northmead (2152), Northwood (2066)
O
Oakhurst (2761), Oakville (2765), Oatlands (2117), Oatley (2223), Old Guildford (2161), Old Toongabbie (2146), Oran Park (2570), Orchard Hills (2748), Osborne Park (2066), Oxford Falls (2100), Oxley Park (2760), Oyster Bay (2225)
P
Paddington (2021), Padstow (2211), Padstow Heights (2211), Pagewood (2035), Palm Beach (2108), Panania (2213), Paradise Beach (2107), Parklea (2768), Parramatta (2123), Parramatta (2124), Parramatta (2150), Parramatta Westfield (2150), Peakhurst (2210), Peakhurst Heights (2210), Pemulwuy (2145), Pendle Hill (2145), Pennant Hills (2120), Penrith (2750), Penrith (2751), Penrith Plaza (2750), Penrith South (2750), Penshurst (2222), Petersham (2049), Phillip Bay (2036), Picnic Point (2213), Pleasure Point (2172), Plumpton (2761), Point Piper (2027), Port Botany (2036), Port Hacking (2229), Potts Hill (2143), Potts Point (2011), Prairiewood (2176), Prestons (2170), Prospect (2148), Punchbowl (2196), Punchbowl (2460), Putney (2112), Pymble (2073), Pyrmont (2009)
Q
Quakers Hill (2763), Queens Park (2022), Queenscliff (2096)
R
Raby (2566), Ramsgate (2217), Ramsgate Beach (2217), Randwick (2031), Redfern (2016), Regents Park (2143), Regentville (2745), Revesby (2212), Revesby Heights (2212), Revesby North (2212), Rhodes (2138), Riverstone (2765), Riverview (2066), Riverwood (2210), Rockdale (2216), Rodd Point (2046), Rookwood (2141), Rooty Hill (2766), Rose Bay (2029), Rose Bay North (2030), Rosebery (2018), Rosedale (2536), Rosehill (2142), Roselands (2196), Rosemeadow (2560), Roseville (2069), Roseville Chase (2069), Rossmore (2557), Round Corner (2158), Rouse Hill (2155), Royal North Shore Hospital (2065), Rozelle (2039), Ruse (2560), Rushcutters Bay (2011), Russell Lea (2046), Rydalmere (2116), Ryde (2112)
S
Sackville North (2756), Sadleir (2168), Sandringham (2219), Sandy Point (2172), Sans Souci (2219), Schofields (2762), Scotland Island (2105), Seaforth (2092), Sefton (2162), Seven Hills (2147), Seven Hills West (2147), Shalvey (2770), Shanes Park (2747), Silverwater (2128), Silverwater (2264), Smeaton Grange (2567), Smithfield (2164), Smithfield West (2164), South Penrith (2750), South Turramurra (2074), South Wentworthville (2145), Spit Junction (2088), Spring Farm (2570), St Andrews (2566), St Clair (2759), St Helens Park (2560), St Ives (2075), St Ives Chase (2075), St Johns Park (2176), St Leonards (2065), St Marys (2760), St Marys East (2760), St Marys South (2760), St Pauls (2031), St Peters (2044), Stanhope Gardens (2768), Stanmore (2048), Strathfield (2135), Strathfield South (2136), Strawberry Hills (2012), Strawberry Hills (2013), Summer Hill (2130), Summer Hill (2287), Summer Hill (2800), Surry Hills (2010), Sutherland (2232), Sydenham (2044), Sydney (2000), Sydney (2001), Sydney Domestic Airport (2020), Sydney International Airport (2020), Sylvania (2224), Sylvania Southgate (2224), Sylvania Waters (2224)
T
Tamarama (2026), Taren Point (2229), Taylors Point (2107), Telopea (2117), Tempe (2044), Tennyson (2754), Tennyson Point (2111), Terrey Hills (2084), The Basin (2108), The Basin (2365), The Rocks (2000), The Rocks (2795), Thornleigh (2120), Toongabbie (2146), Toongabbie East (2146), Tregear (2770), Turramurra (2074), Turrella (2205)
U
Ultimo (2007), Undercliffe (2206)
V
Varroville (2566), Vaucluse (2030), Villawood (2163), Vineyard (2765), Voyager Point (2172)
W
Wahroonga (2076), Waitara (2077), Wakeley (2176), Wallacia (2745), Wareemba (2046), Warrawee (2074), Warriewood (2102), Warrimoo (2774), Warringah Mall (2100), Warumbul (2229), Warwick Farm (2170), Waterfall (2233), Waterloo (2017), Watsons Bay (2030), Wattle Grove (2173), Waverley (2024), Waverton (2060), Wedderburn (2560), Wentworthville (2145), Werrington (2747), Werrington County (2747), Werrington Downs (2747), West Hoxton (2171), West Pennant Hills (2125), West Pymble (2073), West Ryde (2114), Westgate (2048), Westleigh (2120), Westmead (2145), Wetherill Park (2164), Whalan (2770), Whale Beach (2107), Wheeler Heights (2097), Wiley Park (2195), Willmot (2770), Willoughby (2068), Willoughby North (2068), Wingala (2099), Winston Hills (2153), Wisemans Ferry (2775), Wolli Creek (2205), Wollstonecraft (2065), Woodbine (2560), Woodcroft (2767), Woodpark (2164), Woollahra (2025), Woolloomooloo (2011), Woolooware (2230), Woolwich (2110), Woronora (2232), Woronora Heights (2233)
Y
Yagoona (2199), Yagoona West (2199), Yarrawarrah (2233), Yennora (2161), Yowie Bay (2228)
Z
Zetland (2017)

Autoclaves

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